Is it "Armistice Day" or "Remembrance Sunday"?
Between 05:12 and 05:20 on the morning of the 11th November 1918, an 'Armistice' was signed by representatives of Germany and the Entente agreeing that hostilities would formally
end "at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month". ("At the 11th hour" refers to the passing of the 11th hour, or 11:00 am.)
The First World War officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919.
The initial "Armistice Day" was observed at Buckingham Palace, commencing with King George V hosting a "Banquet in Honour of the President of the French Republic"
during the evening hours of 10 November 1919. The first official "Armistice Day" was subsequently held on the grounds of Buckingham Palace the following morning.
The following year, the Government and Local Authorities arranged parades to remember the fallen and, in May 1921 the British Legion (now the Royal British Legion)
was formed to provide care and support for the returning soldiers from the conflict.
"Armistice Day" parades were always held on the 11th November until 1945 when, after the end of WW2, the formal service of remembrance was renamed "Remembrance Day", to include those lost during WW2,
and it was decreed that the event would be held on the second Sunday in November (the Sunday nearest to the 11th November)
, and for that reason it is also referred to as "Remembrance Sunday".
"Armistice Day" still exists and always fall on the 11th November, and small services are often held, with a "Silence" being observed at the 11th hour however, the national day of remembrance is always held on "Remembrance Sunday".
The wearing of Red Poppies
The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem "In Flanders Fields" written by Canadian physician Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae.
After reading the poem, Moina Michael, a professor at the University of Georgia, wrote the poem, "We Shall Keep the Faith," and swore to wear a red poppy on the anniversary.
The custom spread to Europe and the countries of the British Empire and Commonwealth within three years. In the UK Major George Howson fostered the cause with the support of General Haig,
with poppies being worn for the first time at the 1921 anniversary ceremony.
At first real poppies were worn. These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I; their brilliant red colour became a symbol for the blood spilled
in the war.
The Red Poppy is also the symbol or the Royal British Legion. The Legion is the national custodian of Remembrance, safeguarding the memory of those who fought and died in conflict.
This year, "Remembrance Sunday" and "Armistice Day" fall on the same day and are of particular significance as the "silence" observed at the 11th hour occurs exactly
100 years to the minute after the moment of 'Armistice' when the guns fell silent signifying the end of the hostilities of WW1.
Arborfield, Barkham and District Branch will hold their "Remembrance Day" service at Arborfield Cross on the morning of Sunday the 11th November 2018.
Further details of the Parade and Service, are available on our dedicated page: Arborfield Remembrance 2018
Additionally, registration is now open to take part in this year's parade, and you can register by completing the form on the following link: Register Here